Within the U.S., about 4.2 million adults over the age of 40 are both legally blind or endure from impaired imaginative and prescient.
Age-related eye problems resembling macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma are the main causes of blindness and poor imaginative and prescient amongst People. An necessary facet of illness prevention is being conscious of the situation, the chance components, and understanding the preventive measures, says Dr. Sumathi Venkatesh, a well being specialist with Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service.
Many of those eye ailments will be detected early via annual complete eye examinations permitting applicable remedy to forestall imaginative and prescient loss and impairment. Being chubby or overweight and having medical circumstances resembling diabetes or hypertension might irritate your threat for eye issues.
When you have any of those threat components, speak to your doctor about managing your weight and well being. A number of eye ailments will be prevented via a wholesome way of life and through the use of correct protecting eye gear. The Nationwide Eye Institute recommends the next preventive measures to guard your eyes:
Routine eye care – Take note of adjustments in your imaginative and prescient. Contact your eye care supplier in case your imaginative and prescient is blurry or when you have hassle seeing. Schedule complete eye exams regularly. A dilated eye examination will allow early detection and remedy of eye ailments.
Good vitamin – Eat a well-balanced weight loss program loaded with fruit and veggies, particularly darkish inexperienced leafy greens (e.g., spinach and kale), entire grains, low-fat dairy merchandise, and a wide range of protein meals. Meals containing omega-3 fatty acids resembling fish, vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds might assist with coronary heart well being and regulating blood strain and blood levels of cholesterol thus stopping the event of eye problems.
Be lively – common bodily exercise promotes general well being and helps to forestall and handle coronary heart illness, hypertension, and diabetes. Adults want about half-hour of bodily exercise on most days. Strive incorporating train in your day by day actions resembling gardening, doing family chores, or taking the steps at work.
Stop smoking – smoking might hurt a number of organs in our physique together with our eyes. Smoking can harm the optic nerves and will enhance the chance for age-related macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and dry eyes syndrome.
Restrict display time – Extended display time could make your eyes drained and dry. Observe the 20-20-20 rule. Take a break each 20 minutes by taking a look at one thing that’s 20 ft away for 20 seconds. To scale back eye pressure, modify your display lighting, place the display to scale back glare, and use blue mild filters.
Defend your eyes – Keep away from trying instantly on the solar. Put on sun shades particularly ones that block over 99% of UVA and UVB radiation. Use protecting eye gear when utilizing chemical substances, taking part in sports activities, engaged on development initiatives, and when mowing your garden. Ensure your palms are clear while you put on and take away your contacts. Disinfect your contacts and substitute them when they’re due.
For extra data and sources on eye well being, go to the Nationwide Eye Institute at https://www.nei.nih.gov/ and the Facilities of Illness Management and Prevention’s Imaginative and prescient Well being Initiative at https://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/index.htm . For applications on vitamin, bodily exercise, coronary heart well being, diabetes, and blood strain administration, contact your Brown County Extension Workplace at 325-646-0386.